The Companion to The Little Book On Line
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G. Three Branches of the Ohio Government
#7. Identify the main functions of each branch of government (executive, legislative, judicial) at the national, state and local levels.
Ohio Department of Education - High School Proficiency Testing Fact Sheets
SPECIAL NOTE : Several words which appear under G. Three Branches of the Ohio Government also appear under F. Three Branches of the Federal Government as well as under J & K. Laws - Making and Repealing. Therefore, not all of these words have been repeated in questions under this, the Ohio section. Students should understand that the organization of the federal government and the Ohio government are quite similar. Both have a chief executive (the President and Governor), both have legislative bodies (Congress and the Ohio General Assembly) and both have their own systems of upper and lower courts whose primary function is to interpret the law and to punish law breakers.
OHIO - LEGISLATIVE
- The following statements about the OHIO GENERAL ASSEMBLY are correct EXCEPT:
A. It is the legislative body of the State of Ohio.
B. It is located in Cleveland.
C. It has two chambers.
D. Its function is to make the laws.
- The following statements about a member of the OHIO HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES are true EXCEPT:
A. His or her federal counterpart in Washington is a member of the national House of Representatives.
B. The function of both is to see that the laws are faithfully carried out.
C. Both are elected.
D. Members of the Ohio House of Representatives and the national House of Representatives are elected by the people in the respective districts they represent.
- Three of the following statements about the word REFERENDUM are correct. Which one is WRONG?
A. Referendum is a right granted to Ohio voters to seek approval or rejection of certain issues by other voters.
B. The issues must relate to the state constitution or laws of Ohio.
C. Only half the states grant this right.
D. Voter approval or rejection of a proposed federal law setting speed limits might be sought under the Ohio right of referendum.
- The word INITIATIVE as it relates to an electoral procedure in the state of Ohio means
A. the ability of citizens to affect lawmaking by petitioning the state government to allow voters to vote yes or no on a certain law or constitutional amendment.
B. the right of an Ohio citizen to influence law-making by writing to his or her congressman..
C. the characteristics of a legislator who is a self-starter.
D. the influence of one legislator over another.
- The word PETITION in legislative terms means all of the following EXCEPT:
A. a request signed by a group of interested voters
B. a formal written request
C. an oral complaint
D. the means by which voters exercise their right of referendum
OHIO - EXECUTIVE
- Which of the following statements regarding the Governor of Ohio and the President of the United States is FALSE?
A. They both head their respective executive branches.
B. They live in houses furnished by the taxpayers.
C. They appoint the principal officials who will serve them in carrying out their duties.
D. They are elected every four years.
- The following statements regarding steps taken by the Ohio General Assembly to process a bill into law are true EXCEPT:
A. The bill is introduced in one house of the Ohio General Assembly.
B. It is studied and voted on by each house.
C. After any differences are ironed out, the bill is sent to the Governor who may sign or veto it.
D. The Ohio General Assembly may override the Governor's veto by a 2/3 vote in each house.
OHIO - LEGISLATIVE
- Let us suppose that a man charged with murder has been indicted by a grand jury and ordered to stand trial in court. Then let us suppose that the man loses his case in the first court and, ON APPEAL, finally ends up in the Ohio Supreme Court. What route would his case most likely take?
A. Ohio General Assembly, Ohio Court of Common Pleas, Ohio Court of Appeals, Ohio Supreme Court.
B. Ohio Court of Common Pleas, Ohio Court of Appeals, Ohio Supreme Court.
C. Ohio Court of Common Pleas, Ohio Supreme Court.
D. Ohio Court of Common Pleas, Ohio Court of Appeals, the Governor, Ohio Supreme Court.
- CIVIL LAW which is concerned with the private rights of individuals would properly apply in ALL BUT ONE of the following cases:
A. buying a home
B. business contracts
C. marriage and divorce
D. burglarizing a home
- If a man's neighbor is continuously disturbing the peace with a loud radio, which of the following steps could the man properly take?
A. calling the fire department
B. breaking into his neighbor's house
C. filing a lawsuit
D. threatening him with bodily harm
- A SUBPOENA is
A. a parking ticket.
B. a speeding ticket requiring a court appearance.
C. a court order to appear as a witness.
D. a guarantee.
- Which of the following statements is NOT correct? The judicial branch
A. interprets the law.
B. consists of courts of law.
C. has charge of the state highway police.
D. does not have power to pass new laws.
- Which of the following statements about the Ohio Supreme Court is NOT true?
A. It is the highest state court in Ohio.
B. It has seven judges.
C. The judges are appointed by the Governor.
D. It hears cases which are appealed from the Ohio Court of Appeals.
- Which of the following statements about the Ohio Court of Appeals is NOT correct?
A. Ohio has a number of separate districts in which a Court of Appeals is located.
B. Judges of the Court (of Appeals) are elected.
C. Judges of the Court (of Appeals) may be removed from office by the Governor.
D. The Court hears cases appealed from the Common Pleas Court.
- The following statements about the Ohio Court of Common Pleas are true EXCEPT one:
A. It is a state court located in each county.
B. The county commissioners appoint the judges of this court.
C. Lawsuits tried in this court involve many different types of cases.
D. Cases may be appealed from this court to the Ohio Court of Appeals.
OHIO - COUNTY AND LOCAL
- The Cuyahoga County BOARD OF ELECTIONS is
A. part of the Electoral College.
B. in charge of preparing the ballots.
C. paid by the dominant political party.
D. allowed to hand out campaign literature at the request of a voter.
- A CITY COUNCIL
A. is appointed by the Mayor.
B. hears lawsuits involving violations of city laws.
C. is the attorney who represents the city.
D. is the legislative body of the city.
- In law-making which of the following best describes the word CODE?
A. a secret system for sending messages
B. a set of laws or regulations
C. a list
D. a promise
- The following statements are true EXCEPT for one. A COMMISSIONER
A. is often in charge of a government department.
B. can be in charge of a national or local league connected with sports or some other activity.
C. in Ohio is a county official.
D. means a member of the Ohio General Assembly.
- One of the following statements about the word LICENSE is NOT correct.
A. It allows one to do certain things.
B. There is usually a fee paid to the government bureau issuing the license.
C. The license fee is sometimes paid to private organizations profiting from the activity.
D. It represents legal permission.
- Which of the following statements about a mayor is correct?
A. In most cities the Mayor is appointed.
B. The Mayor serves until the people request a recall.
C. The city council, not the Mayor, is responsible for seeing that the laws are faithfully executed.
D. The Mayor is the chief executive.
- If someone parked in front of a fire plug in Cleveland what law would he be violating?
A. a law of the local fire department.
B. a city ordinance.
C. a zoning law.
D. the state code of motor vehicles.
- Which of the following is a MUNICIPALITY?
A. Cuyahoga County
B. State of Ohio
C. Edgewater Park
D. Garfield Heights
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