The Companion to The Little Book On Line
for Teachers and Tutors
M. Political Parties and Party Candidates
#13. Understand that the major role of the political parties in a democracy is to provide a choice in government leadership (i.e., candidates and platforms).
Ohio Department of Education - High School Proficiency Testing Fact Sheets
Our national, state and local politics are dominated by two political parties and their party candidates. The following questions relate to these subjects.
- The platform of a political party states the party policy on matters that affect the electorate--the voters. The electorate have different points of view. We give these voters names--conservatives, liberals, radicals, independents, and moderates. They lean toward the political party--usually Democratic or Republican--which best supports their interests.
(1) The CONSERVATIVES are generally regarded as those who focus primarily on
A. conservation and the ecology.
B. traditional values.
C. anything new.
D. expanding government.
(2) The LIBERALS are generally considered to be all of the following EXCEPT for one:
A. They are the reverse of the conservatives.
B. They prefer government intervention for the public good.
C. They are less concerned about the cost of government.
D. They are reluctant to raise taxes to pay for the cost of government.
(3) A RADICAL is generally considered to be one who takes
A. an ultra-conservative point of view.
B. positions which are often extreme and inflammatory.
C. a middle of the road position.
D. plenty of time before suggesting change.
(4) INDEPENDENTS are generally regarded as having the following characteristics EXCEPT for one.
A. They will not take position about any candidate.
B. They vote for the person they think most qualified.
C. They often support candidates of both parties.
D. They sometimes vote Democratic, sometimes Republican.
(5) A MODERATE is generally considered to be
A. a moderator.
B. one who settles arguments.
C. a voter who is somewhere between a conservative and a liberal.
D. a voter whose attitude is modern.
- A CAUCUS is best defined as
A. noisy political rib roast.
B. meeting to decide on candidates and issues.
C. meeting held by the opposition party.
D. congressional committee meeting.
- A CANDIDATE is best described as
A. someone who has not announced his intention to run.
B. someone who is the unanimous choice of his party.
C. someone running for an elective office.
D. someone who is ineligible for the office he or she is seeking.
- CONSTITUENTS of a congressman are correctly described as
A. members of Congress.
B. those living in the district from which the congressman was elected.
C. those who have voted for the congressman and have moved to another district.
D. members of the party in power.
- Which of the following statements about the Republican and Democratic CONVENTIONS is FALSE?
A. They take place every four years.
B. They convene to nominate their choice for President and Vice-President.
C. They convene to select candidates from the winners of primary elections.
D. They are affairs of quiet dignity.
- Mary was active in the Republican party. She and her husband broadcast a short, catchy conversation on television praising the Republican platform. Which of the following most closely describes the broadcast?
A. plank in the platform
B. sound bite
D. position paper
- Mr. Popper, Vice-President of the U.S., was a Democrat. He sent word to his party's national convention that he did not care to be nominated for president or vice-president. Mr. Popper could be described as
A. a delegate.
B. a candidate.
C. an incumbent.
D. an independent.
- Mrs. Fisk sometimes voted Democratic, sometimes Republican. She concluded that the Democratic platform was too liberal and the Republican platform was too conservative so she did not vote for either party's candidates. The following descriptions of Mrs. Fisk are correct, EXCEPT one
A. a radical
B. a moderate
C. an independent
D. not a federalist
- A DELEGATE at a presidential nominating convention is
A. a candidate.
B. the party nominee.
C. someone sent by the party in his or her state to represent the party.
D. a member of the Electoral College.
- An INCUMBENT is
A. a current office holder.
B. one who declines to run for office.
C. the same thing as an encumbrance.
D. a candidate who has never run for office.
- To NOMINATE means all of the following EXCEPT to
B. put in nomination
C. propose or select a candidate
- A PLANK in a party's PLATFORM
A. represents the total policy of the party.
B. is one part of the party's program.
C. is an undecided issue.
D. is a souvenir for the winning candidate.
- If a store owner said, "The POLICY of this company has always been to treat all customers alike," he would be referring to each of the following EXCEPT:
B. a law which required him to do so
C. absence of favoritism
D. offering the same price to everyone
- ALL BUT ONE of the following statements about PRIMARY ELECTIONS are true:
A. They are held several months before the nominating conventions.
B. The purpose is to select candidates for the party's ticket.
C. A voter in a primary may vote for candidates of two or more parties.
D. Candidates campaign vigorously and enter those they hope to win.
- The main FUNCTION of a PRESIDENTIAL DEBATE is to
A. raise campaign money.
B. sell TV advertising space.
C. present a serious discussion of issues by the candidates.
D. afford candidates defeated in the primaries an opportunity to be heard.
- A person who worked distributing campaign material and serving with others to set policy and win elections for a particular group would be described as a
A. member of the Diplomatic Corps.
B. volunteer for the United Way.
C. member of a political party.
D. member of student government.
- Agriland was a democracy. It had two political parties. Party A had many more members than Party B, raised more campaign money than B, and elected many more of its members to the national government than
B. Which of the following words most accurately describes Party A?
- The phrase "Will of the people" usually refers to
A. positive thinking.
B. pulling together.
C. the ballot box.
D. states rights.
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